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Reduction of ICI Using ICI Self Cancellation Scheme in OFDM Systems

N. Sreekanth; Dr M. N. GiriPrasad
OFDM is a multicarrier modulation technique in which a high rate bitstream is split into N parallel bit-streams of lower rate and each of these are modulated using one of N orthogonal sub-carriers. In a basic communication system, the date is modulated onto a single carrier frequency. The available bandwidth is then totally occupied by each symbol. This kind of system can lead to inter-symbol-interference (ISI) in case of frequency selective channel. The basic idea of OFDM is to divide the available spectrum into several orthogonal sub channels so that each narrowband subchannels experiences almost flat fading. Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is becoming the chosen modulation technique for wireless communications. A well known problem of OFDM is its sensitivity to frequency offset between the transmitted and received signals, which may be caused by Doppler shift in the channel, or by the difference between the transmitter and receiver local oscillator frequencies. This carrier frequency offset causes loss of orthogonality between sub-carriers and the signals transmitted on each carrier are not independent of each other. The orthogonality of the carriers is no longer maintained, which results in inter-carrier interference (ICI). The undesired ICI degrades the performance of the system. This paper investigates an efficient ICI cancellation method termed ICI self-cancellation scheme for combating the impact of ICI on OFDM systems.
Select Volume / Issues:
Year:
2012
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Inter symbol interference; Inter carrier interference; orthogonality; Doppler shift; Self cancellation; CIR; BER
Journal:
IJECCE
Volume:
3
Number:
3
Pages:
687-692
Month:
June
Hits: 1869

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