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A Comparative Study of the Evolution of Wireless Communication Technologies from the First Generation (1G) to the Fourth Generation (4G)

B. I. Bakare; E. E. Bassey
Wireless communication technology has evolved over the years from First Generation (1st), Second Generation (2G), Third Generation (3G), Fourth Generation (4G), and recently, Fifth Generation (5G) in a bid to improve performance, efficiency, and Quality of Service. Even though the development of Mobile communication started with very low data rates of about 10 kilobytes per second (kbps), it has significantly improved to an extreme and staggering high rate of about 1 Gigabyte per second (Gbps) through the era with frequencies: 30 Kilohertz (kHz) to as much as 30 Gigahertz (GHz). These generations of wireless communication technologies however are not without their challenges. In a bid to conquer the limitations of a previous generation, a new generation evolved. This paper seeks to comparatively study the evolution of wireless Technologies, x-raying its prospects and challenges.
Select Volume / Issues:
Year:
2021
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Communication Systems; Data Rate; Downlink; Uplink; Roaming
Journal:
IJECCE
Volume:
12
Number:
3
Pages:
73-84
Month:
May
ISSN:
2249-071X
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